Updated: 10/03/2016





Crick (near Rugby)

Appleby, Lamington

Walsden, Llanryst, Carlisle,

Kirkstall, Prudhoe



PLUS link to flooding at Whalley Arches

Winter 2015/16



Photos: Courtesy Network Rail

Although services have been restored on several lines,

this gallery is being retained for archive purposes

as a record of the immense disruption and damage that has occurred.




West Coast Main Line

at Crick


Network Rail

09 Mar 2016

Flooding affecting Railway Services

between London Euston and Rugby


The flooded Railway Tunnel at Crick on the West Coast Main Line



A number of floods on railway lines in the Rugby, Daventry and Wolverton areas

are affecting train services between London Euston and Birmingham New Street.


Network Rail's orange army has been pumping water from two tunnels

and a number of other sites to try and return services to normal as quickly as possible.


Speed restrictions have been put in place

to keep trains safely running through the affected areas

but this has led to longer journeys and some cancellations.

Affected areas include a tunnel near Crick, between Rugby and Long Buckby,

a tunnel near Kilsby, south of Rugby; the Wolverton area, near Milton Keynes;

and Patford Bridge, near Whilton.


Flood water being pumped out of a railway tunnel

on the West Coast Main Line near Crick



A Network Rail spokesman said:


“Heavy rain and running water from nearby land

has led to several different areas of flooding on railway lines

in the Rugby, Northampton and Wolverton areas.


Our staff are on site and closely monitoring the water levels in all these areas

while doing everything possible to reduce the impact on trains as much as possible.


“Safety is the number one priority

which is why temporary speed restrictions have been put in place,

and which allow trains to keep moving through the affected areas.


“We are working closely with Virgin Trains and London Midland

to minimise the impact as much as possible

and return services to a normal timetable as quickly as possible.”



Flooding on the railway near Crick








(Between Hexham & Newcastle)

Line re-opened 8 Feb 2016


Network Rail

08 Feb 2016


Rail services on the West Line between Carlisle and Newcastle resumed on Monday, 8 February

as engineers carried out the final repairs to the railway following a huge landslip in January.


Engineers have been on site at Farnley Hough, near Corbridge, since Thursday, 7 January

clearing over 35,000 tonnes of soil and debris away from the site

after the wettest month on record caused a nearby drainage pipe to break.



Rob McIntosh, Route Managing Director at Network Rail said:


“The unprecedented weather, which led to the landslip,

and which has continued throughout the clear up,

presented us with a series of difficult engineering challenges

but I am pleased to confirm that the work has gone to plan

and that passenger services will resume from Monday.”


Aerial photographs of the site showed the full extent of the damage

caused by the landslip and the size of the clear up job that has followed.


After initially diverting the running water away from the site,

engineers had to begin clearing away the fallen debris

while making sure not to cause any further landslips by stabilising the bank.


Once that was done, repairs were carried out to the track itself

to get the line ready for service again.





Trees and soil fall on to the West Line near Hexham







The landslip at Farnley Haugh near Hexham







Tree removal at Farnley Haugh 13 Jan 2016







Aerial image of Farnley Haugh Llandslip 1







Aerial Image of Farnley Haugh Landslip 2







Tree removal at Farnley Haugh 13 Jan 2016













Aerial photograph of the damage at Farnley Haugh







Aerial photograph of the damage at Farnley Haugh







A Rainbow over the site at Farnley Haugh



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(Between Lockerbie & Carstairs)

Line re-opened Monday 22 Feb



22 February 2016
West Coast Mainline re-opens for passengers

The West Coast Mainline reopened to passenger and freight services this morning (Monday, February 22)

following the successful completion of repair works at the flood-damaged Lamington Viaduct.

The viaduct, over the River Clyde, has undergone an intensive seven week engineering programme

to stabilise the structure after it was left close to collapse by Storm Frank on New Year's Eve.

The first train over the newly-repaired viaduct, at 03:00,

was the north-bound Caledonian Sleeper service between London and Inverness.

Virgin Trains and First TransPennie Express services will also resume over the course of this morning.


Phil Verster, Managing Director of the ScotRail Alliance, said:


“I am delighted our engineers have been able to complete this vital job earlier than scheduled

and get passengers back onto the West Coast Mainline.

We appreciate the understanding customers have shown throughout the recovery operation.

“I am very proud of the hard work and commitment of our engineers,

who have had to contend with extremely challenging conditions at Lamington – battling against the elements and clock

to save this important structure from collapse.”


Claire Perry, UK Government Rail Minister, said:


“When I visited the Lamington Viaduct in January I saw first-hand the scale of the engineering challenge

and the dedicated Network Rail team working round-the-clock to resolve the damage.

In difficult conditions, they have managed to re-open ahead of schedule,

and I'm grateful for the patience of customers who were disrupted and to the staff who adapted remarkably.

We can now get rail customers and rail freight moving again on this vital cross-border rail link,

which is the western backbone of the network.


Our record investment in the railways continues, along with regular maintenance and inspection,

to ensure that they can withstand these unprecedented weather events.”


Derek Mackay, the Scottish Government's Transport Minister, said:


“I am pleased to see the Lamington Viaduct operational once again,

and the resumption of the vital passenger and freight services that rely on the West Coast Mainline.

“I would particularly like to praise the efforts of all those people,

who have worked on securing and rebuilding the structure,

especially amid the challenging weather conditions that we have experienced this winter.”

The viaduct's second pier had been left on the brink of collapse when floodwaters scoured out much of its foundations on December 31

and hundreds of engineers have been working around-the-clock since January to save the structure.

The incident also damaged the second pier's steel bearings,

which support the bridge-deck and track above the pier,

a non-load-bearing section of the viaduct's third pier and the structure's north abutment.

Over the last seven weeks engineers have placed more than 7,000 tons of rock around the battered structure

to protect it from the fast-flowing Clyde, constructed concrete supports around the damaged second pier

and anchored it to the riverbed using over 100 8m-long steel rods.

Works have also been undertaken to replace the bearings on the second pier

and repair the damage to the third pier and north abutment.

In the weeks ahead, activity on-site will continue

with work to re-profile the river banks and re-shape the viaduct's piers

to further improve the flow of water through the structure.

Engineers were able to take advantage of a break in the weather conditions in early February

and the earlier than expected arrival of the new, custom-made, bearings

to accelerate their recovery programme – which had been expected to run until early March.

Network Rail

19 Jan 2016

Viaduct severely damaged by Storm Frank on New Year's Eve.

Structure now stabilised, but further damage delays opening until the first week of March.

Rail companies working together to keep people and goods moving.


The ScotRail Alliance* today confirmed that the Lamington Viaduct,

which has been closed since it was severely damaged by Storm Frank,

has suffered further damage, meaning that it will not reopen

until the first week of March, 2016.


Engineers have been working around-the-clock to divert the Clyde

– using over 1,500tons of stone to dam part of the river –

and stabilise the structure after the viaduct's second pier was left on the brink of collapse

when floodwaters scoured out much of its foundations.


Having successfully stabilised the damaged pier last Wednesday (January 13)

by pumping over 300 cubic meters of fast-setting concrete into the void,

engineers have now been able to conduct structural checks on sections of the viaduct

it was previously too unsafe to inspect.


It was initially hoped that work to reinstate the viaduct would have been completed by February 1.

However, the latest inspections have shown that:


(a) Continued bad weather and high water levels have caused structural damage to another pier on the viaduct

(b) Three steel bearings, which support the bridge deck and track have been damaged

(c) The damage to the foundations is worse than previously thought, requiring more time and significantly more work to properly stabilise the structure.



Phil Verster, Managing Director of the ScotRail Alliance said:


“The damage caused by Storm Frank to the Lamington Viaduct has been very serious.

Our engineers have been in a race against time to get the structure stabilised

and prevent it from collapsing into the Clyde.

Only now that we have won that race can we really see the full extent of the damage.


“The damage from the floodwaters is significant.

We have had to use hundreds of tons of rock to divert and reduce the flow rates at the piers

and an extraordinary amount of concrete just to stabilise the second pier.

Unfortunately the scale of the damage and the complex nature of the engineering challenges

means that the repair is going to take longer than we initially thought.


“All of the train companies who operate services on the West Coast Mainline

are working together to make sure that we keep goods and people moving.

The temporary timetables and arrangements that have been in place for the past couple of weeks

are going to have to continue.


That is why it is so important that anyone, who is travelling on this route,

checks their travel details before they travel.

All the companies have information on their websites

nd have staff ready to answer any questions you might have.


“I know that the damage that Storm Frank has caused to this viaduct is impacting on a lot of people.

We are doing everything we can to get the repairs done and the line reopened quickly and safely.”



Phil Bearpark, Virgin Trains' Executive Director for Operations and Projects, said:

“Safety is our priority and we fully support Network Rail in their work to repair the Lamington viaduct.


“We have worked really hard with our industry partners in ScotRail and Network Rail

to put a train diversionary service in place via Dumfries.

This means that journeys take around an hour longer than normal

but customers travelling between Glasgow and Carlisle are able to take a replacement train rather than a bus.”


Over the coming weeks, engineers will install additional concrete supports on either side of the second pier

to strengthen the structure, before installing

additional eight-metres-long rock anchors / mini piles through the pier's foundations

to support the structure from a much wider and lower base.


Structural repairs to the third pier will also be completed

and the course of the river widened – to reduce future water pressure on the structure –

before the steel bearings are replaced, the viaduct bridge-deck realigned and the track re-laid.


Network Rail

19 Jan 2016























RVR Historical Map










Lamington Viaduct














UK Rail Minister Clare Perry, Network rail MD for Scotland,

Phil Verster (centre), Network Rail managing director for Scotland

and Scottish Transport Minister, Derek Mackay

review recovery works







Clare Perry, Derek Mackay and Phil Verster

view the Dam from track level




(Between Rochdale & Todmorden)








(Between Llandudno Jct. and Blaenau Ffestiniog)

Line re-opened Mon 22 Feb


Flooding at Llanwrst


Flooding at North Llanwrst Station






Flooding near Llanwrst

Flooding near Llanwrst


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Debris strewn across the railway north of Carlisle






(Near Haydon Bridge)


Landslip at Gooseholme, near Haydon Bridge





Landslip at Gooseholme, near Haydon Bridge



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Network Rail

23 Jan 2016


Task Force formed to speed Dover Sea Wall Railway Rebuilding

as Beach Protection Work continues


A task force led by Dover and Deal MP, Charlie Elphicke,

has been created to help with the work to rebuild the railway

between Dover and Folkestone and reduce the impact on passengers.


The line has been closed since Christmas Eve 2015

after storms damaged the sea wall at Shakespeare Beach in Dover.


Network Rail and its partner Costain have been working

to protect the railway and sea wall since those storms,

with more than 9,000 tonnes of rock armour already placed on the beach

and another 9,000 tonnes expected to arrive in the next week.



In addition, design teams have been working

on a long-term solution to the damage.



Network Rail's Route Managing Director, Alasdair Coates, said:


“This task force is a positive step forward for our project

and will make a big difference

to what will be a major civil engineering challenge for us.


“We realise that passengers in Dover, Deal, Folkestone and Sandwich

are keen to know when we will be able to reopen the line

and I can reassure them we are working very hard to get them an answer.


“This is a vulnerable stretch of railway

and we have to find the right design to last many more years into the future.


As soon as we have a design and a timescale, that we are confident in,

we will let everyone know.”



Charlie Elphicke MP said:


“I know how tough things are for commuters and rail users.

I am doing everything I can to ensure

Network Rail gets our railway back open as soon as possible.


The high speed rail link is crucial to the developments we have planned in Dover and Deal.

It's important the line is repaired as soon as possible -

yet we must also make sure the repaired line is safe, secure and built to last.”




David Statham, Managing Director at Southeastern, said:


“The loss of a large part of our railway

has meant we've had to make changes to our services.

These have been made so that everyone in the area has access to travel,

but are temporary and are by no means perfect.


We are adaptable to the changing nature of this work

and will run our normal services as soon as we can.


In the meantime, we are working

with Network Rail and other stakeholders

to provide the best possible service.


This task force will also allow us to work closely together

to get the job done well

and the line between Dover and Folkestone

reopened as soon as possible.”



The working group includes Network Rail, Southeastern,

MPs Charlie Elphicke, Damian Collins, and Craig McKinley,

Dover District Council and Kent County Council.


It will be sharing information

and helping tackle any administrative or bureaucratic hurdles,

which may affect the work to reconstruct or repair the railway.






Dover - drone cam shot








Damage to the Sea Wall at Dover








Dover - drone cam shot








An earlier image of the one metre dip in the sea wall at Dover








Dover Sink Holes








Dover Sink Holes












The building site, close to top right,

is the location of the former Dover Marine station, which later was renamed Dover Western Docks

Dover - Sea Wall High View









The former Footbridge Supports at Dover









Damage caused by cracks on the sea wall at Dover






Damage to the track at Dover






Damage to the sea wall at Dover










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(Between Leeds & Shipley)


Flooding at Kirkstall


Flooding at Kirkstall






Flooding at Kirkstall






Specialist water pumping equipment at Kirkstall (before)







Specialist water pumping equipment at Kirkstall (during)







Specialist water pumping equipment at Kirkstall (after)


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12 Feb 2016

Railway between Carlisle and Appleby

to be closed for several months after major landslip

The line between Carlisle and Appleby is to be closed for several months

due to a major landslip involving an estimated 500,000 tonnes of earth.


The section, at Eden Brows, on the Settle to Carlisle line,

two miles north of Armathwaite,

was closed by Network Rail on Tuesday (9 February)

after aerial surveys and ground monitoring revealed

the embankment had moved so much it was no longer safe to run trains.


The area of land affected by the landslip is more than 130m long and 70m wide.

Network Rail's team of geotechnical specialists

are carrying out detailed ground investigations using borehole equipment.

The results of these comprehensive measurements will be used to design a lasting repair.

At this stage it is not possible to provide an accurate timescale

for the final repairs but it will take several months at least.


Martin Frobisher, Network Rail's Route Managing Director, said:


“An estimated 500,000 tonnes of earth have moved already

and the embankment is still moving.

That's 10 times the weight of the QE2 ocean liner when it is fully loaded.

The extent of this landslip means it is no longer safe for this section of railway to be open to trains.

“Our monitoring has detected a twist fault in the tracks caused by the ground movement.

The slip is accelerating, and it is not safe to run trains in this situation.

“Our engineers on site are undertaking detailed ground surveys

and this will enable us to design a permanent and lasting repair.

“Network Rail's contractors have already started to build access roads and compounds

so we can get our heavy machinery to where it is needed.

This will enable us to start construction work as soon as the design is finalised.

“The River Eden has severely eroded the base of the embankment.

This, combined with the recent repeated storms and saturated ground, caused the landslip.

“This is a vital rail link across the north of England,

and I am very aware of how important the railway is to the local community and local economy.

“I can assure everyone that we are doing all we can to design a lasting solution

and to reopen the railway as quickly as possible.

We will continue to work with Northern Rail to keep passengers and communities

informed of what we are doing and the progress we are making.”



Alex Hynes, Managing Director for Northern Rail comments:


“This is clearly another challenging and complex engineering project for Network Rail to tackle.

While their engineers assess the extent of the work,

we will continue to ensure our customers are kept on the move,

up-to-date with the latest information and that disruption is kept to a minimum.


“We will be operating train services between Leeds and Appleby

with a replacement bus service running between Appleby and Carlisle.


Timetable information will be available on our website.

Please check www.northernrail.org for the latest news.”

The latest travel information is also available at www.nationalrail.co.uk .

Machinery to build an access road at Appleby landslip







The start of vegatation clearance at the Appleby landslip







Appleby Landslip







Appleby Landslip







Appleby Landslip







Appleby Landslip


24 February 2016

Team of 80 prepares for repairs to Major Landslip

on the Settle to Carlisle Railway Line



Eden Gorge

Aerial Photo: Courtesy Network Rail



Ground investigation work taking place at Eden Brows


A team of 80 people from Network Rail, including geotechnical and engineering experts,

are carrying out extensive preparatory work

ahead of repairs to a 500,000 tonne landslip on the Settle to Carlisle railway line.


Network Rail is examining all possible long-term solutions to the problem

– a challenge made doubly complex by the landslip's size,

the fact it's still moving and its inaccessible location.


On the ground at Eden Brows, the scene of the slip,

40 of the orange army are building access roads across farmland,

setting up a site compound, removing vegetation and taking soil samples

to fully understand the underlying ground conditions.


The affected section of embankment, two miles north of Armathwaite,

is more than 130m long and 70m wide.


Some 500,000 tonnes of earth is still moving down one side of the Eden Gorge

towards the River Eden.


The much-loved Settle to Carlisle line is likely to remain closed north of Appleby

for several months,


but, once a single engineering solution is finalised,

this preparatory work will enable a swift start to repairs.



Site access road being built


Rhiannon Price, Network Rail Project Manager, said:


"Around 500,000 tonnes of earth in the embankment supporting the railway

is still on the move downhill towards the River Eden.


"Since our monitoring systems detected significant movement on 9 February,

our geo-technical and engineering experts have been considering all the possible repair options.


We have not yet agreed on the best final engineering solution

but we hope to have that soon."



Richard Morris, Chairman of the Friends of the Settle Carlisle Line, said:


"This iconic line goes through some of the most beautiful landscape in Britain - not least the Eden Gorge.

It is also of national strategic importance.


There is a big problem for Network Rail at Eden Brows.


We recognise the scale of the problem

and the time it is likely to take to fix it.


We are working closely with Network Rail to achieve the very best outcome."



Northern Rail is operating trains between Leeds and Appleby and replacement bus services between Appleby and Carlisle.



Alex Hynes, Managing Director for Northern Rail, said:


"This is clearly another challenging and complex engineering project for Network Rail to tackle.

While Network Rail engineers assess the extent of the work,

we are working to keep our customers on the move and up to date with the latest travel information.


"We are focused on maintaining a reliable service for the customers we serve around Armathwaite

and keeping local businesses and communities connected with nearby towns and cities.


"We are operating train services between Leeds and Appleby,

with a replacement bus service running between Appleby and Carlisle.

Timetable information is available on our website and from National Rail Enquiries.


Please check www.northernrail.org/settlecarlisle for the latest news."


Eden Brows Landslip


3 March 2016

Repair solution agreed for Settle to Carlisle Railway Land Slip


Network Rail engineers have agreed a plan to repair a 500,000-tonne land slip

which has forced closure of part of the much-loved Settle to Carlisle railway line.


The repairs at Eden Brows, near Armathwaite, Cumbria, will involve building a structure

underneath the affected section of railway to support it.


The project, expected to take many months, will also involve major earthworks to stabilise the embankment.


It is not clear at this stage precisely how long this work will take due to the scale of the slip,

the fact the earth is still moving and the inaccessibility of its location.


Northern Rail customers, including UK and overseas tourists,

are currently travelling on train services operating between Leeds and Appleby,

which remains open for business,

but on replacement bus services between Appleby and Carlisle.


The line between Appleby and Carlisle was closed on 9 February

after Network Rail's aerial and ground surveillance detected

that a 130-metre-by-70-metre section of the Eden gorge embankment, below the railway and above the River Eden

at Eden Brows near Armathwaite, was giving way.


Since then 80 engineers and geotechnical experts - half in an office, half on site

- have been assessing the magnitude of the problem

and have worked to agree a single engineering solution.


Rhiannon Price, Network Rail's Project Manager for the Eden Brows repairs, said:


“We have carefully considered many repair options and we are satisfied the one we're going with is the best.

“Our aim is to do a thorough job that leaves the Settle to Carlisle Railway Line in better shape than it was before this land slip.

As well as tackling this problem, we intend to bring forward other, less major jobs we have earmarked on the shut section of line.


“We are acutely mindful of the impact on communities served by this line,

including businesses reliant on tourist trade.

We are working to fix this slip as quickly as possible.”


Between 4.30pm and 7.00pm on Thursday 3 March, Network Rail and train operator Northern Rail

hosted a public drop-in event in Appleby station waiting room.

This wass an opportunity for local people to ask questions

and find out the latest information from the Eden Brows task force team.


Over Thursday 3 March and Friday 4 March, Network Rail staff, supported by members of the Friends of Settle Carlisle Line group,

will be on a two-day walk-about in the communities affected by this closure,

including Appleby, Lazonby, Kirkoswald, Armathwaite and Langwathby.


Alex Hynes, Managing Director for Northern Rail, said:

“It's clear from the extent of the repair needed at Eden Brows that this landslip is indeed an exceptional incident.


“We will continue to operate trains between Leeds and Appleby

and look at more options to help keep our customers and the local communities around the affected area connected.”


Richard Morris, Chairman of the Friends of the Settle Carlisle Line, said:


"We are working closely with Network Rail to get the very best of outcomes for this very special railway line.

This is an enormous job and we do appreciate what is being done - and how long it is likely to take.


“Our volunteers will be working with Northern Rail

to ensure passengers can still enjoy the spectacular section of line from Leeds as far as Appleby

which is very much open for 'business as usual' as the tourist season approaches."


To keep up to date on this issue:


The repair work: www.networkrail.co.uk/carlisle


Train / Replacement Bus Timetables: www.northernrail.org/settlecarlisle


Above : Photos Courtesy Network Rail

Also of possible interest

(if not already viewed)

To view

'Flooding at Whalley'

Boxing Day 2015

by Brian Haworth


click below


To view

'Cumbrian Flood Damage'

5 - 8 Dec 2015

Courtesy Network Rail Media Centre

click below


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